JOURNAL ARTICLE

Continuous amplitude-integrated electroencephalogram predicts outcome in hypothermia-treated cardiac arrest patients

Malin Rundgren, Erik Westhall, Tobias Cronberg, Ingmar Rosén, Hans Friberg
Critical Care Medicine 2010, 38 (9): 1838-44
20562694

OBJECTIVE: To assess the prognostic value of continuous amplitude-integrated electroencephalogram in comatose survivors after cardiac arrest and treated with hypothermia.

DESIGN: Prospective observational study.

SETTING: General intensive care unit at a university hospital.

PATIENTS: Comatose patients after cardiac arrest and treated with hypothermia.

INTERVENTIONS: Patients were sedated and continuously monitored using an amplitude-integrated electroencephalogram. Monitoring was commenced on arrival in the intensive care unit and continued until recovery of consciousness, death, or 120 hrs after cardiac arrest. The amplitude-integrated electroencephalogram was interpreted together with the original electroencephalogram and analyzed without knowledge of the patient's clinical status. The amplitude-integrated electroencephalogram patterns at start of registration and at normothermia and the transitions of the amplitude-integrated electroencephalogram patterns over time were correlated to outcome.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: A total of 111 consecutive patients were assessed; 11 patients were not included because of technical reasons and five were excluded because of death before normothermia. Ninety-five patients remained; 57 (60%) eventually regained consciousness, of whom 49 (52%) lived an independent life at 6 months. Thirty-one patients (33%) at start of registration and 62 patients (65%) at normothermia had a continuous electroencephalogram pattern, and this was strongly associated with recovery of consciousness (29/31 [90%] and 54/62 [87%]). A suppression-burst pattern was always transient and patients with suppression-burst at any time remained in coma until death. An initial flat pattern was registered in 47 patients, but this had no prognostic value. Electrographic status epilepticus was a common finding (26/95 patients [27%]) and two types of electrographic status epilepticus were identified: one developed from suppression-burst and one developed from a continuous background. Two patients from the latter group regained consciousness.

CONCLUSIONS: Continuous amplitude-integrated electroencephalogram adds valuable early positive and negative prognostic information in comatose survivors after cardiac arrest. We identified two types of postanoxic electrographic status epilepticus, which is a novel finding with possible therapeutic implications.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
20562694
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"