Association of metabolic profiles with hepatic fibrosis in chronic hepatitis C patients with genotype 1 or 2 infection

Ching-Sheng Hsu, Chen-Hua Liu, Chun-Jen Liu, Shih-Jer Hsu, Chi-Ling Chen, Juey-Jen Hwang, Ming-Yang Lai, Pei-Jer Chen, Ding-Shinn Chen, Jia-Horng Kao
Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 2010, 25 (5): 970-7

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Metabolic profiles are associated with severity of liver histology in chronic hepatitis C (CHC) infection. However, the influence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes, especially genotype 1 and 2, on the association between metabolic profiles and hepatic fibrosis remains unknown.

METHODS: We consecutively enrolled 528 CHC patients infected by HCV genotype 1 or 2, and used univariate and multivariate approaches to determine the influence of HCV genotype on the association of metabolic characteristics with severity of liver histology.

RESULTS: In univariate analysis, diabetes mellitus, obesity, higher grades of hepatic steatosis, homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance index and alanine aminotransferase level, but lower serum total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein level, were associated with advanced hepatic fibrosis. Advanced hepatic fibrosis was associated with an adjusted odds ratio of 13.72 (95% confidence interval, 2.15-87.7) for serum fasting blood glucose, 1.07 (1.01 to 1.13) for body mass index (BMI), and 0.03 (0.00-0.32) for total cholesterol level. Older age, lower serum total cholesterol level and more necro-inflammatory activity were associated with advanced hepatic fibrosis in both genotype 1 and 2 patients (P < 0.05). Advanced hepatic fibrosis was associated with an adjusted odds ratio of 31.18 (2.31-421.4) for fasting blood glucose level in genotype 1 infection, whereas 1.16 (1.05-1.28) for BMI in genotype 2 infection.

CONCLUSIONS: Age, serum total cholesterol, and hepatic necro-inflammation have important associations with severity of hepatic fibrosis in CHC patients. Moreover, these associations are different between HCV genotype: the effects of fasting blood glucose level and BMI are increased on genotype 1 and genotype 2 patients, respectively.

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