Molecular characterization of a new species of Begomovirus and betasatellite causing leaf curl disease of tomato in India

Punam Kumari, Achuit K Singh, Brotati Chattopadhyay, Supriya Chakraborty
Virus Research 2010, 152 (1): 19-29
A new tomato-infecting begomovirus and cognate betasatellite were characterized from the gangetic plain of northern India. Genome organization of this virus was found to be similar to those of other old world begomoviruses. The DNA-A molecule (2752nt) shared maximum (85.8%) identity with Tomato leaf curl Laos virus-[Laos] (ToLCLV-[LA]; AF195782) from Laos and betasatellite molecule (1349nt) shared maximum (75.8%) identity with Tomato leaf curl Joydebpur betasatellite (ToLCJoB-[BD:Gaz:05]; AJ966244) from Bangladesh. Interestingly, both these molecules showed less identity with known tomato-infecting begomoviruses and their satellites from India. The recombination detection program (RDP) revealed that these molecules are not an outcome of direct exchange of sequences between existing begomovirus species. According to International Committee on Taxonomy of viruses (ICTV) species/strains demarcations norms for viruses belonging to the family Geminiviridae, this is a new Begomovirus species and we named this virus as Tomato leaf curl Patna virus (ToLCPaV) and new beta species as Tomato leaf curl Patna betasatellite (ToLCPaB). Partial tandem repeats of ToLCPaV and ToLCPaB could induce typical leaf curl symptom on tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) and Nicotiana benthamiana. Although, DNA-A could alone infect tomato typical to a monopartite Begomovirus, co-inoculation of DNA-A and DNA-beta resulted more stunting and severe symptoms. Interestingly, association of ToLCPaB did not assist in increased ToLCPaV accumulation in systemic leaves. ToLCPaV neither transreplicate DNA-B of Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus (ToLCNDV) nor of Tomato leaf curl Gujarat virus (ToLCGV), presumably due to difference in rep-binding sequences. However, ToLCPaB formed viable pseudorecombinant with mono-bipartite ToLCGV DNA-A infecting both N. benthamiana and tomato but could not cause systemic infection on natural host tomato when co-inoculated with ToLCNDV DNA-A, which is a bipartite Begomovirus.


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