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Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome: a case series in patients with eclampsia

Rohana Naqi, Humera Ahsan, Muhammad Azeemuddin
JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association 2010, 60 (5): 394-7
20527617
Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome (PRES) refers to a clinicoradiologic entity with characteristic features on neuro-imaging and non-specific symptoms comprising headache, confusion, visual disturbances and seizures. The lesions in PRES are thought to be due to vasogenic oedema, predominantly in the posterior cerebral hemispheres, and are reversible with appropriate management. We report 3 cases of acute PRES who had eclampsia and presented with recurrent episodes of seizures and hypertension. Their MRI scan showed diffuse abnormal signal intensities involving predominantly deep white matter of the occipital lobes. Based on the findings the most probable diagnosis of PRES was suggested. They were started on antihypertensive drugs. On follow-up examination after 5-7 weeks, the patients showed marked improvement clinically and on neuro-imaging following which they were discharged in stable condition.

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