Lipid concentration effects on the amyloidogenic apoC-II(60-70) peptide: a computational study

Nevena Todorova, Andrew Hung, Irene Yarovsky
Journal of Physical Chemistry. B 2010 June 17, 114 (23): 7974-82
Molecular dynamics simulations were implemented to investigate the effects of phospholipid concentration on the conformation and dynamics of the amyloidogenic peptide apoC-II(60-70). The results showed a progressive reduction in the solvent accessible surface area of apoC-II(60-70) with increasing lipid concentration, accompanied by increased lipid-peptide interactions. Favorable peptide interaction sites with lipids were found to be the aromatic residues, Tyr63 and Phe67. The high stability of lipid-peptide contacts resulted in reduced conformational flexibility of the peptide. A significant change in the secondary structure of apoC-II(60-70) peptide was observed with increasing lipid concentration. At lower concentrations (1-3 lipids per peptide), the peptide adopted extended beta-strand conformations, caused by contacts with the lipids, which reduced the intramolecular interactions within the peptide. In contrast, a higher lipid concentration (4-6 lipids per peptide) had a restraining effect on the peptide's flexibility by trapping it in a particular conformation. Such behavior can be suggested as inhibiting fibril formation, because of the lipid-induced inability of the peptide to adopt fibril competent conformations. This finding complements our recent ThT fluorescence results, which revealed that the 4:1 lipid to peptide ratio is sufficient to cause fibril inhibition in apoC-II(60-70).

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