PI3K/Akt promotes GRP78 accumulation and inhibits endoplasmic reticulum stress-induced apoptosis in HEK293 cells

R Y Dai, S K Chen, D M Yan, R Chen, Y P Lui, C Y Duan, J Li, T He, H Li
Folia Biologica (Praha) 2010, 56 (2): 37-46
The potential pro-survival role of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt during endoplasmic reticulum stress has been well-characterized. However, the detailed mechanisms remain largely unknown. Here, we showed that PI3K/Akt inhibition promoted endoplasmic reticulum stress-induced apoptosis in a glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78)-dependent manner. During endoplasmic reticulum stress, high levels of Akt phosphorylation were sustained for at least 18 h in HEK293 cells. Importantly, PI3K/Akt enhanced GRP78 accumulation through increasing its stability following endoplasmic reticulum stress. Furthermore, Akt1, but not Akt2 or Akt3, was involved in GRP78 stability regulation. These results suggest that PI3K/Akt inhibits endoplasmic reticulum stress-induced apoptosis in HEK293 cells, at least in part, by promoting GRP78 protein stability.

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