Anti-inflammatory effect of catechin on cultured human dental pulp cells affected by bacteria-derived factors

Tadashi Nakanishi, Kayo Mukai, Hiromichi Yumoto, Kouji Hirao, Yoshitaka Hosokawa, Takashi Matsuo
European Journal of Oral Sciences 2010, 118 (2): 145-50
Catechins (bioactive polyphenols in green tea) are known to exhibit potent anti-inflammatory properties. However, the anti-inflammatory effects of catechins on inflamed dental pulp tissue are not known. In this study, we investigated the effect of epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) and epicatechin gallate (ECG), the major components of green tea catechins, on the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and adhesion molecules in human dental pulp cells stimulated with bacteria-derived factors such as lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and peptidoglycan (PG). The expression of interleukin (IL)-6 and of IL-8 was examined using the reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. The expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) on dental pulp cells was analyzed using flow cytometry. The presence of EGCG and ECG significantly reduced, in a concentration-dependent manner, the expression of IL-6 and IL-8 in dental pulp cells exposed to LPS or PG. Increased expression of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 on the dental pulp cells in response to bacterial components was also decreased by treatment with EGCG and ECG. These findings suggest that green tea catechins may prevent the exacerbation of pulpitis.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"