JOURNAL ARTICLE
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Transient tachypnea of the newborn: is labor prior to cesarean delivery protective?

Transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN) is a common respiratory problem in newborns. This study aims to determine if cesarean delivery (CD) is a risk factor for TTN, and if labor prior to CD decreases this risk. A linked data set consisting of Arizona birth certificates (1994 to 1998) and infants enrolled in a high-risk perinatal program provided 800 TTN cases and 800 controls, stratified by year. The relationships of CD and labor to TTN were examined using logistic regression. CD was associated with an increased risk of TTN, whether it was accompanied by labor (odds ratio [OR] 2.68; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.62 to 4.45) or not accompanied by labor (OR 2.88; 95% CI 2.01 to 4.13), even after adjusting for confounding variables. Labor did not affect the development of TTN, nor did it modify the association of CD with increased risk for TTN. CD is a risk factor for TTN. Labor prior to CD is not protective for TTN.

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