Chronic kidney disease as an independent risk factor for new-onset atrial fibrillation in hypertensive patients

Takeshi Horio, Yoshio Iwashima, Kei Kamide, Takeshi Tokudome, Fumiki Yoshihara, Satoko Nakamura, Yuhei Kawano
Journal of Hypertension 2010, 28 (8): 1738-44

OBJECTIVE: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has recently been recognized to be a powerful predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Atrial fibrillation (AF), which is a common arrhythmia in hypertensives, is associated with increased risks of cardiovascular events and death. However, the association between CKD and the onset of AF has not been fully elucidated. The present study assessed the hypothesis that CKD may influence the onset of AF in hypertensives.

METHODS: A total of 1118 hypertensive patients (mean age, 63 years) without previous paroxysmal AF, heart failure, myocardial infarction, or valvular disease were enrolled. CKD was defined as decreased glomerular filtration rate (<60 ml/min per 1.73 m) and/or the presence of proteinuria (>or=1+).

RESULTS: During follow-up periods (mean, 4.5 years), 57 cases of new-onset AF were found (1.1% per year). Kaplan-Meier curves revealed that the cumulative AF event-free rate was decreased in the CKD group (log-rank test P < 0.001). By univariate Cox regression analysis, age, smoking, left atrial dimension, left ventricular mass index, and the presence of CKD were significantly associated with the occurrence of AF. Among these possible predictors, CKD (hazard ratio 2.18, P = 0.009) was an independent determinant for the onset of AF in multivariate analysis. Advanced stages of CKD (stages 4 and 5) were strongly related to the increased occurrence of AF.

CONCLUSION: The present study demonstrated that the complication of CKD, especially progressed renal dysfunction, was a powerful predictor of new-onset AF in hypertensive patients, independently of left ventricular hypertrophy and left atrial dilatation.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"