JOURNAL ARTICLE

Risk stratification in asymptomatic moderate to severe aortic stenosis: the importance of the valvular, arterial and ventricular interplay

Patrizio Lancellotti, Erwan Donal, Julien Magne, Marie Moonen, Kim O'Connor, Jean-Claude Daubert, Luc A Pierard
Heart 2010, 96 (17): 1364-71
20483891

OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate prognostic markers of clinical outcome in asymptomatic patients with moderate to severe aortic stenosis (AS).

DESIGN: Prospective follow-up of asymptomatic patients with moderate to severe AS. The patients underwent clinical and Doppler echocardiographic evaluation.

SETTING: Department of Cardiology.

PATIENTS: 163 patients with moderate to severe AS (aortic valve area < or =0.6 cm(2)/m(2)).

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Risk stratification. Predefined endpoints for assessing the outcome were the occurrence during follow-up of symptoms, aortic valve replacement or death.

RESULTS: During follow-up (mean, 20 (19) months), 11 patients developed symptoms but were not operated on, 57 required aortic valve replacement and six patients died. In multivariable Cox regression analysis, four parameters that were associated with the outcome were identified: peak aortic jet velocity, left ventricular systolic (LV) longitudinal deformation, valvulo-arterial impedance and indexed left atrial area. Using receiver-operator characteristic curve analysis, a peak aortic jet velocity > or =4.4 m/s, a LV longitudinal myocardial deformation < or =15.9%, a valvular-arterial impedance > or =4.9 mm Hg/ml per m(2) and an indexed left atrial area > or =12.2 cm(2)/m(2) were identified as the best cut-off values to be associated with events.

CONCLUSIONS: In asymptomatic patients with moderate to severe AS, measurements that integrate the ventricular, vascular and valvular components of the disease improve risk stratification.

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