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Long-term stenting for chronic frontal sinus disease: case series and literature review.

OBJECTIVE: The frontal sinus outflow tract consists anatomically of narrow channels prone to stenosis. Following both endonasal and external approach surgery, up to 30 per cent of patients suffer post-operative re-stenosis of the frontal sinus outflow tract, with recurrent frontal sinus disease. This paper proposes the surgical placement of a long-term frontal sinus stent to maintain fronto-nasal patency, as an alternative to more aggressive surgical procedures such as frontal sinus obliteration and modified Lothrop procedures.

DESIGN: We present a series of three patients with frontal sinus disease and significant co-morbidity, the latter making extensive surgery a significant health risk. We also review the relevant literature and discuss the use of long-term frontal sinus stenting.

RESULTS: These three cases were successfully treated with long-term frontal sinus stenting. Stents remained in situ for a period ranging from 48 to over 60 months.

CONCLUSION: Due to the relatively high failure rates for both endonasal and external frontal sinus surgery, with a high post-operative incidence of frontal sinus outflow tract re-stenosis, long-term stenting is a useful option in carefully selected patients.

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