Assessment of aortic annulus dimensions for Edwards SAPIEN Transapical Heart Valve implantation by computed tomography: calculating average diameter using a virtual ring method

Philipp Blanke, Matthias Siepe, Jochen Reinöhl, Manfred Zehender, Friedhelm Beyersdorf, Christian Schlensak, Mathias Langer, Gregor Pache
European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery 2010, 38 (6): 750-8

OBJECTIVE: Accurate preoperative assessment of the aortic annulus dimensions is critical in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) for severe AS. Using multislice computed tomography (MSCT), we evaluated a novel approach to quantify aortic annulus dimensions using cross-sectional area (CSA) assessment and average diameter calculation compared with the commonly applied electronic caliper measurements in patients undergoing transapical implantation of the Edwards SAPIEN Transcatheter Heart Valve.

METHODS: Seventy-one patients underwent pre-TAVI MSCT with the following dimensions assessed at the level of the most basal attachment points of all three aortic cusps joined by a virtual ring: CSA, calculated average annulus diameter (CAAD), and minimal, maximum, sagittal and coronal diameters. Measurements were compared with post-TAVI MSCT data sets at the level of the ventricular stent ending in 24 patients. Pre-TAVI measurements were compared to those taken post-TAVI. Eligibility to balloon-expandable TAVI was evaluated based on the different measurements.

RESULTS: The Edwards SAPIEN valve (23 mm, n=8; 26 mm, n=16) was implanted 2.1±1.1 mm below the non-coronary sinus. Pre-TAVI CAAD was 23.0±1.6 mm; post-TAVI CAAD was 23.0±1.1 mm. Post-TAVI CSA was circular in 18 patients (75%) and ovoid in six (25%). Pre- and post-TAVI assessment showed strong correlation for CSA and CAAD (r=0.835, p<0.001; r=0.841, p<0.001, respectively). Minimal, maximum, coronal and sagittal dimension correlated weakly between pre- and post-TAVI measurements (r=0.435-0.632, p=0.001-0.034).

CONCLUSION: Pre-TAVI CSA assessment and average diameter calculation using a virtual ring method is able to predict the post-interventional configuration of the annulus after balloon-expandable TAVI. We regard this approach as the best-available method to select the appropriate prosthesis size for balloon-expandable TAVI. Specific MSCT-based sizing recommendations should be developed.

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