MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search
OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

Adrenergic support in septic shock: a critical review

Pedro Póvoa, António H Carneiro
Hospital Practice (Minneapolis) 2010, 38 (1): 62-73
20469626
The definition of septic shock includes sepsis-induced hypotension despite adequate fluid resuscitation, along with the presence of organ perfusion abnormalities, and ultimately cell dysfunction. To restore adequate organ perfusion and cell homeostasis, cardiac output should be restored with volume infusion plus vasopressor agents as indicated. Appropriate arterial pressure for each individual patient and proper arterial oxygen content are key elements to restoring perfusion. Tissue perfusion can be monitored by markers of organ and mitochondrial function, namely urine output, level of consciousness, peripheral skin perfusion, central or mixed venous oxygen saturation, and lactate. The hemodynamic effects of the different vasopressor agents depend on the relative affinity to adrenergic receptors. Those with predominant alpha-agonist activity produce more vasoconstriction (inoconstrictors) while those with predominant beta-agonist stimulation increase cardiac performance (inodilators). The debate about whether one vasopressor agent is superior to another is still ongoing. The Surviving Sepsis Campaign guidelines refer to either norepinephrine or dopamine as the first-choice vasopressor agent to correct hypotension in septic shock. However, recent data from observational and controlled trials have challenged these recommendations concerning different adrenergic agents. As a result, our view on the prescription of vasopressors has changed from a probably oversimplified "one-size-fits-all" approach to a multimodal approach in vasopressor selection.

Comments

You need to log in or sign up for an account to be able to comment.

No comments yet, be the first to post one!

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
20469626
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"