Clinical Trial, Phase II
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
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First report of phase 2 study of dasatinib with hyper-CVAD for the frontline treatment of patients with Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph+) acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

Blood 2010 September 24
The combination of cytotoxic chemotherapy and imatinib has improved the outcome for patients with Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph(+)) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Dasatinib has significant clinical activity in patients with imatinib resistance. We examined the efficacy and safety of combining chemotherapy with dasatinib for patients with Ph(+) ALL. Newly diagnosed patients received dasatinib 50 mg by mouth twice per day (or 100 mg daily) for the first 14 days of each of 8 cycles of alternating hyper-CVAD, and high-dose cytarabine and methotrexate. Patients in complete remission received maintenance daily dasatinib and monthly vincristine and prednisone for 2 years, followed by dasatinib indefinitely. Thirty-five patients with untreated Ph(+) ALL with a median age of 53 years (range, 21-79 years) were treated; 33 patients (94%) achieved complete remission. Two patients died of infections before response assessment. Grade 3 and 4 adverse events included hemorrhage and pleural and pericardial effusions. With a median follow-up of 14 months (range, 4-37 months), the median disease-free survival and median overall survival have not been reached, with an estimated 2-year survival of 64%. The combination of chemotherapy with dasatinib is effective in achieving long-term remissions in patients with newly diagnosed Ph(+) ALL. This study was registered at www.ClinicalTrials.gov as NCT00390793.

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