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COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Comparative mechanical activation mapping of RV pacing to LBBB by 2D and 3D speckle tracking and association with response to resynchronization therapy

Hidekazu Tanaka, Hideyuki Hara, Evan C Adelstein, David Schwartzman, Samir Saba, John Gorcsan
JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging 2010, 3 (5): 461-71
20466341

OBJECTIVES: The goals of this study were to compare patterns of mechanical activation in patients with chronic right ventricular (RV) pacing with those with left bundle branch block (LBBB) using 2-dimensional and novel 3-dimensional speckle tracking, and to compare ejection fraction (EF) response and long-term survival after cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT).

BACKGROUND: Several randomized CRT trials have excluded patients with chronic RV pacing, and current guidelines for CRT include patients with intrinsically widened QRS, typically LBBB.

METHODS: We studied 308 patients who were referred for CRT: 227 had LBBB, 81 were RV paced. Dyssynchrony was assessed by tissue Doppler, routine pulsed Doppler, and 2-dimensional speckle-tracking radial strain. 3D strain was assessed using speckle tracking from a pyramidal dataset in a subset of 57 patients for mechanical activation mapping. Survival after CRT was compared with survival in a group of 46 patients with attempted, but failed, CRT.

RESULTS: Patients with chronic RV pacing and LBBB had similar intraventricular dyssynchrony, with opposing wall delays by tissue Doppler of 82 +/- 45 ms versus 87 +/- 63 ms and anteroseptum-to-posterior delays by speckle tracking of 225 +/- 142 ms, versus 211 +/- 107 ms, respectively. RV-paced patients, however, had greater interventricular dyssynchrony: 44 +/- 24 ms versus 35 +/- 21 ms (p < 0.01), which correlated with their greater QRS duration (p < 0.001). Sites of latest mechanical activation were most often posterior or lateral in both groups, but RV-paced patients had sites of earliest activation more often from the inferior-septum and apex (p < 0.05). EF response was similar in RV-paced and LBBB groups, and survival free from transplantation or mechanical support after CRT was similarly favorable as compared with failed CRT patients over 5 years (p < 0.01).

CONCLUSIONS: RV-paced patients, when compared with LBBB patients, had similar dyssynchronous patterns of mechanical activation and greater interventricular dyssynchrony. Importantly, RV-paced patients had similar EF response and long-term outcome as those with LBBB, which supports their candidacy for CRT.

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