Dalcetrapib: a review of Phase II data

Jennifer G Robinson
Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs 2010, 19 (6): 795-805

IMPORTANCE OF THE FIELD: While statins reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease by up to 50%, many patients remain at increased risk due to low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). Whether pharmacologically raising HDL-C per se with drug therapy will reduce cardiovascular events remains to be determined.

AREAS COVERED IN THIS REVIEW: Review of HDL-C-raising compounds, with a focus on cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) inhibitors.

WHAT THE READER WILL GAIN: An overview of the CETP inhibitor dalcetrapib. Despite 70% increases in HDL-C, development of the CETP inhibitor torcetrapib was halted due to excess mortality, attributed largely to activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system resulting in hypertensive effects. Development of the CETP inhibitors dalcetrapib and anacetrapib is ongoing. Dalcetrapib has a unique chemical structure and induces a conformational change in CETP rather than forming a non-productive CETP/HDL-C complex as do the other CETP inhibitors. Although dalcetrapib is the least potent CETP inhibitor of the three in terms of CETP activity, the 900-mg dose did not increase blood pressure or raise aldosterone levels over 48 weeks of follow-up. The 600-mg dose of dalcetrapib is moving forward and raises HDL-C by 25 - 30% when used alone or in combination with a statin, with little effect on low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels.

TAKE HOME MESSAGE: Before regulatory approval is granted, results from the ongoing dal-OUTCOMES trial evaluating the effects of dalcetrapib 600 mg daily over standard statin therapy on mortality and morbidity in > 15,000 high-risk CHD patients will be needed. The Dalcetrapib HDL Evaluation, Atherosclerosis and Reverse Cholesterol Transport (dal-HEART) program also includes three surrogate end point trials, dal-VESSEL, dal-PLAQUE and dal-PLAQUE 2, which will provide further information as to the contribution of CETP to cardiovascular disease.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"