JOURNAL ARTICLE

Predictive value of ischemic mitral regurgitation during the acute phase of ST elevation myocardial infarction treated with primary coronary intervention for left ventricular remodeling in long-term follow-up

Krystian Wita, Adrianna Berger-Kucza, Artur Filipecki, Maciej Turski, Tomasz Bochenek, Wojciech Wróbel, Michał Lelek, Przemysław Weglarz, Marek Elzbieciak, Maria Trusz-Gluza
Coronary Artery Disease 2010, 21 (6): 325-9
20453641

UNLABELLED: Reperfusion therapy, mainly primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), has improved survival and lowered complication rate in patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Nevertheless, some patients develop left ventricular remodeling (LVR) during long-term follow-up.

AIMS: To assess the incidence of ischemic mitral regurgitation (MR) in the acute phase of STEMI treated with primary PCI. To assess prognostic value of MR during acute STEMI for prediction of LVR during long-term follow-up.

METHODS: This is a prospective, single-center study in 83 patients with the first STEMI. Inclusion criteria were as follows: time from symptom onset to PCI less than 12 h and successful restoration of blood flow (thrombolysis in myocardial infarction 3) in the infarct-related coronary artery. Transthoracic echocardiography was performed at discharge and 6 months after the MI.

RESULTS: At hospital discharge, ischemic MR was found in 35 (42%) patients. At 6 months follow-up, LVR was present in 21 (25%) patients. Univariate analysis revealed that remodeling could be predicted by age, weight, treatment with abciximab, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), leaflets coaptation, coaptation height, tenting area, presence of MR, degree of MR. The best multivariate logistic regression model for remodeling prediction at 6 months was combination of ischemic MR degree (odds ratio (OR)=14.5; 95% confidence interval (CI): 3.89-54.0, P<0.00005), abciximab therapy (OR=0.09; 95% CI: 0.01-0.84, P<0.03) and LVEF (OR=0.89; 95% CI: 0.81-0.99, P<0.03).

CONCLUSION: Ischemic MR in STEMI is frequent, even despite effective primary PCI. The regurgitation grade and lower LVEF assessed at hospital discharge and lack of abciximab administration could predict development of LVR at 6 months.

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