Continued persistence of a single genotype of dengue virus type-3 (DENV-3) in Delhi, India since its re-emergence over the last decade

Himani Kukreti, Veena Mittal, Artee Chaudhary, Rajendra Singh Rautela, Manoj Kumar, Sheetal Chauhan, Sunil Bhat, Mala Chhabra, Dipesh Bhattacharya, Syed Tazeen Pasha, Devinder Kumar, Sunil Gomber, Shiv Lal, Arvind Rai
Journal of Microbiology Immunology and Infection 2010, 43 (1): 53-61

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The re-emergence of an epidemic strain of dengue virus type-3 (DENV-3) in Delhi in 2003 and its persistence in subsequent years marked a changing trend in dengue virus circulation in this part of India. Its evolving phylogeny over the past decade has not been studied in detail as yet.

METHODS: Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and sequencing of the CprM gene junction of DENV-3 from different outbreaks since 2003 was carried out. Thirty CprM DENV-3 sequences from this study were compared with 46 other previously reported CprM DENV-3 sequences from India and other countries. Multiple sequence alignment and phylogenetic trees were constructed to determine the extent of genetic heterogeneity and trace the phylogeny of DENV-3.

RESULTS: Thirty CprM DENV-3 sequences (Accession numbers AY706096-99, DQ645945-52, EU181201-14, and EU846234-36) were submitted to GenBank. The CprM junction was found to be AT rich (approximately 53%). Nucleotide sequence alignment revealed only nucleotide substitutions. Phylogenetic analysis indicated sustained evolution of a distinct Indian lineage of DENV-3 genotype III in Delhi.

CONCLUSION: Active circulation of DENV-3 genotype III over the last decade in Delhi was evident and worrying. This genotype has been implicated in several outbreaks in South-East Asia and other parts of the world.

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