The mandatory role of IL-10-producing and OX40 ligand-expressing mature Langerhans cells in local UVB-induced immunosuppression

Ryutaro Yoshiki, Kenji Kabashima, Jun-ichi Sakabe, Kazunari Sugita, Toshinori Bito, Motonobu Nakamura, Bernard Malissen, Yoshiki Tokura
Journal of Immunology 2010 May 15, 184 (10): 5670-7
The mechanism underlying the local UVB-induced immunosuppression is a central issue to be clarified in photoimmunology. There have been reported a considerable number of cells and factors that participate in the sensitization phase-dependent suppression, including Langerhans cells (LCs), regulatory T cells, IL-10, and TNF-alpha. The recent important finding that LC-depleted mice rather exhibit enhanced contact hypersensitivity responses urged us to re-evaluate the role of LCs along with dermal dendritic cells (dDCs) in the mechanism of UVB-induced immunosuppression. We studied the surface expression of OX40 ligand (OX40L) and the intracellular expression of IL-10 in LCs and dDCs from UVB-irradiated (300 mJ/cm(2)) skin of BALB/c mice and those migrating to the regional lymph nodes from UVB-irradiated, hapten-painted mice. In epidermal and dermal cell suspensions prepared from the UVB-irradiated skin, LCs expressed OX40L as well as CD86 and produced IL-10 at a higher level than Langerin(-) dDCs. The UVB-induced immunosuppression was attenuated by the administration of IL-10-neutralizing or OX40L-blocking Abs. In mice whose UVB-irradiated, hapten-painted skin was dissected 1 d after hapten application, the contact hypersensitivity response was restored, because this treatment allowed dDCs but not LCs to migrate to the draining lymph nodes. Moreover, LC-depleted mice by using Langerin-diphtheria toxin receptor-knocked-in mice showed impaired UVB-induced immunosuppression. These results suggest that IL-10-producing and OX40L-expressing LCs in the UVB-exposed skin are mandatory for the induction of Ag-specific regulatory T cells.

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