Your institution is subscribed to Read Institutional Edition. Log in or Sign Up to read full text articles.

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Differential roles for NOD2 in osteoblast inflammatory immune responses to bacterial pathogens of bone tissue

Vinita S Chauhan, Ian Marriott
Journal of Medical Microbiology 2010, 59: 755-62
20360399
Osteoblasts produce an array of immune molecules following bacterial challenge that can contribute to inflammation and the recruitment of leukocytes to sites of infection during bone diseases such as osteomyelitis. However, the mechanisms by which osteoblasts perceive and respond to facultative intracellular pathogens such as Salmonella species and Staphylococcus aureus have not been determined. Recently, our laboratory has described the expression in osteoblasts of members of the nucleotide-binding domain leucine-rich repeat region containing family of proteins that include nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-2 (NOD2), a molecule that functions as an intracellular receptor for bacterial peptidoglycans. In the present study, we demonstrate that NOD2 expression is required for select inflammatory mediator production by osteoblasts following infection with the invasive pathogen Salmonella. In contrast, we have found that the inflammatory immune responses of osteoblasts to the passively internalized bacterial species Staphylococcus aureus, heat-killed pathogenic Salmonella, a non-invasive Salmonella strain and specific Toll-like receptor ligands are not reduced in the absence of NOD2 expression but are, in fact, elevated. Based upon these findings, we suggest that NOD2 serves differential roles in osteoblasts, promoting inflammatory responses to invasive bacteria while tempering cell responses to extracellular and/or passively internalized bacterial species.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
20360399
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.