Natural course and risk factors for impaired renal function during the first year after heart transplantation

Janne J Jokinen, Jussi Tikkanen, Sinikka Kukkonen, Pekka Hämmäinen, Jyri Lommi, Jorma Sipponen, Karl B Lemström
Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation 2010, 29 (6): 633-40

BACKGROUND: Post-operative renal failure is a common and potentially hazardous complication after heart transplantation (HTx). In this study we characterized pre- and post-operative risk factors for acute renal failure requiring renal replacement therapy (RRT).

METHODS: Ninety-three patients underwent orthotopic HTx between 2000 and 2007. The risk factors for RRT during the early post-operative period and predictors contributing to impaired renal function within the first post-transplant year were analyzed by regression analysis. The impact of pre-operative renal failure and early post-operative RRT on renal function within 1 year were studied.

RESULTS: Before HTx, 55% of patients (51 of 93) had normal renal function or mild renal failure (glomerular filtration rate [GFR] >60 ml/min/1.73 m(2)). Before discharge from the hospital, 25% (23 of 93) developed acute renal failure and required RRT. Of these, 16% (8 of 51) had pre-operatively normal renal function or mild renal failure, and 36% (15 of 42) had moderate or severe renal failure (GFR <60 ml/min/1.73 m(2); p = 0.02). The prognosticators for early RRT were prolonged graft dysfunction, re-admission to the operating room due to post-operative bleeding, poor diuresis during surgery (<1,000 ml), pre-operative pacemaker implantation, intubation time >24 hours, pre-operative GFR <60 ml/min/1.73 m(2), post-operative troponin T >6 microg/liter and pre-operative use of angiotensin receptor blocker.

CONCLUSIONS: Pre-operative renal failure is a significant risk factor for RRT during the immediate post-operative period and requires aggressive treatment. Patients with pre-operative renal failure secondary to severe heart failure and acute post-operative renal failure requiring RRT tend to recover within the first year post-HTx.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"