Efficient fluorescence resonance energy transfer-based ratiometric fluorescent cellular imaging probe for Zn(2+) using a rhodamine spirolactam as a trigger

Zhi-Xiang Han, Xiao-Bing Zhang, Zhuo Li, Yi-Jun Gong, Xiang-Yang Wu, Zhen Jin, Chun-Mei He, Li-Xin Jian, Jing Zhang, Guo-Li Shen, Ru-Qin Yu
Analytical Chemistry 2010 April 15, 82 (8): 3108-13
This letter described the design and synthesis of a novel fluorescein-appended rhodamine spirolactam derivative and its preliminary application as a ratiometric fluorescent cellular imaging probe for Zn(2+). The ratiometric fluorescent signal change of the probe is based on an intramolecular fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) mechanism modulated by a specific metal ion induced ring-opening process of the rhodamine spirolactam (acting as a trigger). In the new developed sensing system, the emission peaks of the two fluorophores are well-resolved, which can avoid the emission spectra overlap problem generally met by spectra-shift type probes and benefits for observation of fluorescence signal change at two different emission wavelengths with high resolution. It also benefits for a large range of emission ratios, thereby a high sensitivity for Zn(2+)detection. Under optimized experimental conditions, the probe exhibits a stable response for Zn(2+) over a concentration range from 2.0 x 10(-7) to 2.0 x 10(-5) M, with a detection limit of 4.0 x 10(-8) M. Most importantly, the novel probe has well solved the problem of serious interferences from other transition metal ions generally met by previously reported typical fluorescent probes for Zn(2+) with the di(2-picolyl)amine moiety as the receptor (in this case, the fluorescence response induced by Cd(2+)is even comparable to that of Zn(2+)) and shows a reversible and fast response toward Zn(2+). All these unique features make it particularly favorable for ratiometric cellular imaging investigations. It has been preliminarily used for ratiometric imaging of Zn(2+) in living cells with satisfying resolution.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"