JOURNAL ARTICLE

Efficient fluorescence resonance energy transfer-based ratiometric fluorescent cellular imaging probe for Zn(2+) using a rhodamine spirolactam as a trigger

Zhi-Xiang Han, Xiao-Bing Zhang, Zhuo Li, Yi-Jun Gong, Xiang-Yang Wu, Zhen Jin, Chun-Mei He, Li-Xin Jian, Jing Zhang, Guo-Li Shen, Ru-Qin Yu
Analytical Chemistry 2010 April 15, 82 (8): 3108-13
20334436
This letter described the design and synthesis of a novel fluorescein-appended rhodamine spirolactam derivative and its preliminary application as a ratiometric fluorescent cellular imaging probe for Zn(2+). The ratiometric fluorescent signal change of the probe is based on an intramolecular fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) mechanism modulated by a specific metal ion induced ring-opening process of the rhodamine spirolactam (acting as a trigger). In the new developed sensing system, the emission peaks of the two fluorophores are well-resolved, which can avoid the emission spectra overlap problem generally met by spectra-shift type probes and benefits for observation of fluorescence signal change at two different emission wavelengths with high resolution. It also benefits for a large range of emission ratios, thereby a high sensitivity for Zn(2+)detection. Under optimized experimental conditions, the probe exhibits a stable response for Zn(2+) over a concentration range from 2.0 x 10(-7) to 2.0 x 10(-5) M, with a detection limit of 4.0 x 10(-8) M. Most importantly, the novel probe has well solved the problem of serious interferences from other transition metal ions generally met by previously reported typical fluorescent probes for Zn(2+) with the di(2-picolyl)amine moiety as the receptor (in this case, the fluorescence response induced by Cd(2+)is even comparable to that of Zn(2+)) and shows a reversible and fast response toward Zn(2+). All these unique features make it particularly favorable for ratiometric cellular imaging investigations. It has been preliminarily used for ratiometric imaging of Zn(2+) in living cells with satisfying resolution.

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