Selective CETP inhibition and PPARalpha agonism increase HDL cholesterol and reduce LDL cholesterol in human ApoB100/human CETP transgenic mice

Michael K Hansen, Matthew J McVey, Ray F White, Jeffrey J Legos, Jean-Marie Brusq, Didier A Grillot, Marc Issandou, Frank C Barone
Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics 2010, 15 (2): 196-202
Cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) plays a key role in high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol metabolism, but normal mice are deficient in CETP. In this study, transgenic mice expressing both human apolipoprotein B 100 (ApoB-100) and human CETP (hApoB100/hCETP) were used to characterize the effects of CETP inhibition and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha) agonism on lipid profiles. Torcetrapib (3, 10, and 30 mg/kg), a CETP inhibitor, fenofibrate (30 mg/kg), a weak PPARalpha agonist, and GW590735 (3 and 10 mg/kg), a potent and selective PPARalpha agonist were given orally for 14 days to hApoB100/hCETP mice and lipid profiles were assessed. The average percentages of HDL, low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) cholesterol fractions in hApoB100/hCETP mice were 34.8%, 61.6%, and 3.6%, respectively, which is similar to those of normolipidemic humans. Both torcetrapib and fenofibrate significantly increased HDL cholesterol and reduced LDL cholesterol, and there was a tendency for torcetrapib to reduce VLDL cholesterol and triglycerides. GW590735 significantly increased HDL cholesterol, decreased LDL and VLDL cholesterol, and significantly reduced triglycerides. Maximal increases in HDL cholesterol were 37%, 53%, and 84% with fenofibrate, torcetrapib, and GW590735, respectively. These results, in mice that exhibit a more human-like lipid profile, demonstrate an improved lipid profile with torcetrapib, fenofibrate, and GW590735, and support the use of selective PPARalpha agonism for the treatment of lipid disorders. In addition, these data demonstrate the use of hApoB100/hCETP transgenic mice to identify, characterize, and screen compounds that increase HDL cholesterol.

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