Intravitreal ranibizumab in the treatment of choroidal neovascularization associated with idiopathic central serous chorioretinopathy

Lazaros Konstantinidis, Irmela Mantel, Leonidas Zografos, Aude Ambresin
European Journal of Ophthalmology 2010, 20 (5): 955-8

PURPOSE: We evaluate the functional and anatomic outcome after intravitreal ranibizumab treatment in patients with choroidal neovascularization (CNV) related to chronic central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC).

METHODS: This is a small case series of 5 eyes with CNV associated with chronic CSC treated with intravitreal injection of 0.5 mg ranibizumab in the Jules Gonin University Eye Hospital from July 2007 to July 2009. Baseline and monthly follow-up visits included best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), fundus examination, and optical coherence tomography (OCT). Fluorescein and indocyanine green angiography (ICG) were performed at baseline and repeated at least every 6 months.

RESULTS: We studied 5 eyes of 4 patients with a mean age of 66 years. Mean follow-up was 21 months (SD 1.9). The mean number of intravitreal injections administered for each patient was 10 (SD 4.6). The mean initial BCVA was 0.23 (decimal equivalent) (logMAR 0.64, SD 0.13). At the last follow-up, mean BCVA was 0.44 decimal equivalent (logMAR 0.36, SD 0.31). Mean central macular thickness (CMT) measured with OCT was 330 microm (SD 43) at baseline and decreased at the final follow-up to 243 microm (SD 44 ). Persistent intraretinal or subretinal fluid on OCT and/or multifocal areas of increased choroidal permeability on ICG angiographies were present in all patients at the last follow-up visit.

CONCLUSIONS: Intravitreal ranibizumab appeared to be an effective treatment of CNV related to chronic CSC. However, residual intraretinal or subretinal fluid and increased choroidal permeability persisted. Prospective controlled studies are warranted to evaluate the long-term safety and efficacy of intravitreal ranibizumab.

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