Nursing and midwife students' willingness to provide care to patients with HIV/AIDS—a comparative study in Finland, Estonia and Lithuania

Maritta Välimäki, Pekka Makkonen, Vida Mockiene, Ilme Aro, Mari Blek-Vehkaluoto, Natalja Istomina, Ima-Riina Kisper-Hint, Vida Staniuliene, Niina Koponen, Maj-Lis Vänskä, Tarja Suominen
Nurse Education Today 2010, 30 (7): 674-9
This article presents results on nursing and midwife students' willingness to care for patients with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS). An international cross-sectional survey design was used and the data were collected from educational institutions in Finland (N=169), Estonia (N=132) and Lithuania (N=170) between autumn 2005 and spring 2006. Participants (N=471) were nursing and midwife students training to be RN, public health nurses or midwives. A modified version of a scale developed by Duppert et al. (1994) was applied to measure willingness to care for patients with HIV/AIDS. The study found a general willingness on the part of students to provide care for patients with HIV/AIDS. However, nursing and midwife students willingness varied between countries and was also related to specific nursing interventions. Factors associated with students willingness also varied within each country, depending on nurses' age, nursing experience (Finland), positive attitudes to treating patients with HIV/AIDS in general (Finland, Estonia), and previous experience in taking care of a patient with HIV/AIDS (Lithuania). It is important to develop strategies for nursing vulnerable patient populations and international nursing curricula to identify prejudicial thinking and intolerance towards patients with HIV/AIDS.

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