Use of a novel sharp-tip, J-shaped guidewire to facilitate transseptal catheterization

Roberto De Ponti, Raffaella Marazzi, Giuseppe Picciolo, Jorge A Salerno-Uriarte
Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology 2010, 12 (5): 668-73

AIMS: Transseptal catheterization (TSP-C) is a demanding procedure and at the same time one of the key points of atrial fibrillation ablation, an increasingly diffused procedure. This study prospectively evaluates the usefulness of a novel sharp-tip, J-shaped 0.014'' transseptal guidewire (TSP-GW) to facilitate TSP-C in case of resistant atrial septum (AS).

METHODS AND RESULTS: Consecutive patients undergoing TSP-C for arrhythmia ablation in a single centre were considered for the study. TSP-C was performed according to a standardized technique. The criterion to use the TSP-GW was a resistant AS, defined as inability to perforate the fossa ovalis by applying moderate pressure to a standard Brockenbrough needle. The TSP-GW was inserted in the needle lumen and advanced to puncture the AS and enter the left atrium; subsequently, the transseptal assembly was advanced over the TSP-GW. Double transseptal puncture was routinely performed for ablation of atrial fibrillation. Eighty-one patients (54 males, 27 females; mean age 54 +/- 17 years, range 12-81) undergoing TSP-C were enrolled; 132 TSP-C procedures were planned and accomplished. Nineteen patients (23%) in 27 procedures showed a resistant AS. In all these procedures, the TSP-GW was safely and successfully used to accomplish the TSP-C. In patients with a resistant AS, only a significantly lower prevalence of structural heart disease was observed when compared with controls. No complication related to TSP-C was observed.

CONCLUSION: The TSP-GW facilitates TSP-C in 23% of the patients, in whom a resistant AS is encountered. In this population, there was no clinical predictor of such anatomy.

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