JOURNAL ARTICLE
RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
REVIEW
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Understanding skew deviation and a new clinical test to differentiate it from trochlear nerve palsy.

Skew deviation is a vertical strabismus caused by a supranuclear lesion in the posterior fossa. Because skew deviation may clinically mimic trochlear nerve palsy, it is sometimes difficult to differentiate the 2 conditions. In this review we compare the clinical presentations of skew deviation and trochlear nerve palsy and examine the pathophysiology that underlies skew deviation. We then describe a novel clinical test-the upright-supine test-to differentiate skew deviation from trochlear nerve palsy: a vertical deviation that decreases by > or =50% from the upright to supine position suggests skew deviation and warrants investigation for a lesion in the posterior fossa as the cause of vertical diplopia.

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