Inhibition of JAK/STAT signaling pathway prevents high-glucose-induced increase in endothelin-1 synthesis in human endothelial cells

Simona-Adriana Manea, Adrian Manea, Constantina Heltianu
Cell and Tissue Research 2010, 340 (1): 71-9
Emerging evidence demonstrates the involvement of endothelin-1 (ET-1) in the pathophysiology of cardiovascular disorders associated with diabetes mellitus. The molecular mechanisms accountable for the increased production of ET-1 are not completely defined. The Janus kinase/signal transducer and activator of transcription (JAK/STAT) signaling pathway is an essential pathogenic mechanism leading to endothelial cell dysfunction. Our aim has been to investigate the role of JAK/STAT in the regulation of ET-1 synthesis in human endothelial cells (EAhy926 cells line). EAhy926 cells were exposed to normal (5 mM) or high (25 mM) glucose concentrations in the presence/absence of various JAK/STAT inhibitors. Using real-time polymerase chain reaction, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and gene reporter assay, we found that JAK/STAT inhibitors (STAT1 decoy oligodeoxynucleotides, AG490, S3I201, WP1066) significantly diminished the high-glucose-dependent up-regulation of ET-1 mRNA, peptide synthesis, and promoter activity. In silico analysis of the human ET-1 promoter revealed the presence of typical STAT1-gamma-activated sequence (STAT1-GAS) elements. Transient overexpression of STAT1 indicated an up-regulation of ET-1 promoter activity. Chromatin immunoprecipitation demonstrated the physical interaction of STAT1 proteins with the predicted GAS sites. Regulation of ET-1 synthesis by the JAK/STAT pathway thus represents a novel mechanism by which high glucose induces endothelial cell dysfunction in diabetes. Since the JAK/STAT system is an important regulator of the response of endothelial cells to injury, the modulation of this system and the subsequent decrease in ET-1 level may represent a key pharmacological target in diabetes-associated cardiovascular disorders.

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