COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Therapeutic drug monitoring of mycophenolate mofetil and enteric-coated mycophenolate sodium in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus

Sarah Djabarouti, Pierre Duffau, Estibaliz Lazaro, Candice Chapouly, Carine Greib, Jean-François Viallard, Jean-Luc Pellegrin, Marie-Claude Saux, Dominique Breilh
Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy 2010, 11 (5): 689-99
20210680

OBJECTIVE: Mycophenolic acid (MPA), the active form of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) and enteric-coated mycophenolate sodium (EC-MPS), is used to treat systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). MMF and EC-MPS pharmacokinetics were examined to devise guidance for therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) for SLE patients with normal renal function.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This observational study included 21 patients receiving MMF (1000 mg twice daily) and 14 taking EC-MPS (720 mg twice daily). MPA AUC between 0 and 12 h (AUC(0-12h)), C(max), T(max), and 12-h trough concentrations (C(12h)) were determined.

RESULTS: Means of dose-normalized MMF- or EC-MPS-MPA C(max) were 64.6 +/- 25 and 61.4 +/- 27.1 h mg/l, respectively. MPA T(max) for EC-MPS was longer and more variable than for MMF. MMF-MPA AUC(0-12h) and C(12h) were correlated (r = 0.78, p = 0.0001), but EC-MPS-MPA C(max) and single concentrations were weakly correlated. A limited-sampling strategy (LSS) combining C(max) and C(12h) gave satisfactory predictive performance to estimate MPA AUC(0-12h) after EC-MPS administration.

CONCLUSIONS: For TDM in SLE patients with GFR > 60 ml/min/1.73 m(2), C(12h) after MMF ingestion could predict MPA AUC(0-12h), while an LSS around T(max) should be used for patients on EC-MPS.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
20210680
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"