Clinical results of image-guided deep inspiration breath hold breast irradiation

Gerben R Borst, Jan-Jakob Sonke, Suzanne den Hollander, Anja Betgen, Peter Remeijer, Aline van Giersbergen, Nicola S Russell, Paula H M Elkhuizen, Harry Bartelink, Corine van Vliet-Vroegindeweij
International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics 2010 December 1, 78 (5): 1345-51

PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility, cardiac dose reduction, and the influence of the setup error on the delivered dose for fluoroscopy-guided deep inspiration breath hold (DIBH) irradiation using a cone-beam CT for irradiation of left-sided breast cancer patients.

METHODS AND MATERIALS: Nineteen patients treated according to the DIBH protocol were evaluated regarding dose to the ipsilateral breast (or thoracic wall), heart, (left ventricle [LV] and left anterior descending artery [LAD]), and lung. The DIBH treatment plan was compared to the free-breathing (FB) treatment planning and to the dose data in which setup error was taken into account (i.e., actual delivered dose).

RESULTS: The largest setup variability was observed in the direction perpendicular to the RT field (μ = -0.8 mm, Σ = 2.9 mm, σ = 2.0 mm). The mean (D(mean)) and maximum (D(max)) doses of the DIBH treatment plan was significantly lower compared with the FB treatment plan for the heart (34% and 25%, p < 0.001), LV (71% and 28%, p < 0.001), and LAD (52% and 39.8%, p < 0.001). For some patients, large differences were observed between the heart D(max) according to the DIBH treatment plan and the actual delivered dose (up to 71%), although D(max) was always smaller than the planned FB dose (mean group reduction = 29%, p < 0.001).

CONCLUSION: The image-guided DIBH treatment protocol is a feasible irradiation method with small setup variability that significantly reduces the dose to the heart, LV, and LAD.

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