Five-year results for the Talent enhanced Low Profile System abdominal stent graft pivotal trial including early and long-term safety and efficacy

Irene C Turnbull, Frank J Criado, Luis Sanchez, Mikel Sadek, Rajesh Malik, Sharif H Ellozy, Michael L Marin, Peter L Faries
Journal of Vascular Surgery 2010, 51 (3): 537-544, 544.e1-2

OBJECTIVES: The pivotal trial of the Talent enhanced Low Profile System (eLPS; Medtronic Vascular, Santa Rosa, Calif) stent graft evaluated short and long-term safety and efficacy of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). These data and a confirmatory group assessing the performance of the CoilTrac delivery system supported the United States premarket approval application for the device.

METHODS: The pivotal trial was a prospective, nonrandomized study conducted at 13 sites from February 2002 to April 2003. The study group (n = 166) underwent EVAR using the Talent eLPS stent graft. The control group (n = 243) underwent open surgical AAA repair. Data for this group were obtained from the Society for Vascular Surgery Endovascular AAA Surgical Controls project. Outcomes were compared at 30 days and 12 months. Additional 5-year follow-up was obtained for the eLPS group. A single-center cohort of 137 patients was the confirmatory group for the assessment of the clinical performance of the CoilTrac delivery system, with analysis of outcomes <or=30 days from the procedure.

RESULTS: AAA anatomy with neck length as short as 3 mm and maximum neck diameter of 32 mm were included in the eLPS group. EVAR was superior to open repair for periprocedural outcomes, including mean procedure duration (167.3 vs 196.4 minutes, P < .001), blood transfusion (18.2% vs 56.8%, P < .001), median intensive care unit stay (19.3 vs 74.3 hours, P < .001), and mean hospital stay (3.6 vs 8.2 days, P < .001). Freedom from major adverse events was 89.2% for EVAR at 30 days vs 44.0% (P < .001) and 81.3% vs 42.4% at 1 year (P < .001). Freedom from all-cause mortality and aneurysm-related mortality (ARM) was 93.7% and 98.2% for EVAR vs 92.4% and 96.7% for the controls. Through 5 years for the EVAR group, rates of freedom from all-cause mortality, ARM, aneurysm rupture, and conversion to surgery were 69.8%, 96.5%, 98.2%, and 99.1%, respectively, with one conversion to surgery, 25 secondary reinterventions, and five site-reported instances of stent graft migration. The technical success rate for the CoilTrac confirmatory group was 100%, with no aneurysm rupture or conversion to open repair at 30 days. The 30-day all-cause mortality rate was 1.5% (2 of 137).

CONCLUSIONS: In a population with challenging anatomic characteristics, EVAR with the Talent eLPS and use of the CoilTrac delivery system compared favorably with open repair through 1 year. Sustained protection from ARM, with minimal reinterventions, was attained through 5 years.

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