JOURNAL ARTICLE

Rhodamine-based ratiometric fluorescence sensing for the detection of mercury(II) in aqueous solution

Haizhu Liu, Ping Yu, Dan Du, Chunyan He, Bin Qiu, Xi Chen, Guonan Chen
Talanta 2010 April 15, 81 (1-2): 433-7
20188942
Novel ratiometric fluorescent silica nanoparticles with high selectivity towards Hg(2+) were synthesized for the detection of Hg(2+). Hg(2+) promoted the ring opening of spirolactam in the rhodamine moiety grafted onto the silica nanoparticles, resulting in a change in the fluorescence intensity. The fluorescence intensity was proportional to the Hg(2+) concentration, and the detection limit (S/N=3) for Hg(2+) was found to be 2.59 x 10(-9) mol L(-1) with a linear range from 0.4 to 8 x 10(-7) mol L(-1). In addition, the morphology of the silica nanoparticles, the effects of pH and co-existing substances, and the reversibility were investigated. The proposed approach was successfully applied to the determination of Hg(2+) in water samples.

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