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A case of dengue type 3 virus infection imported from Africa to Italy, October 2009

C Nisii, F Carletti, C Castilletti, L Bordi, S Meschi, M Selleri, R Chiappini, D Travaglini, M Antonini, S Castorina, F N Lauria, P Narciso, M Gentile, L Martini, G Di Perri, S Audagnotto, R Biselli, M Lastilla, A Di Caro, M Capobianchi, G Ippolito
Euro Surveillance 2010 February 18, 15 (7)
20184855
In October 2009, a traveller returning from Africa to Italy was hospitalised with symptoms suggestive of a haemorrhagic fever of unknown origin. The patient was immediately placed in a special biocontainment unit until laboratory investigations confirmed the infection to be caused by a dengue serotype 3 virus. This case reasserts the importance of returning travellers as sentinels of unknown outbreaks occurring in other countries, and highlights how the initial symptoms of dengue fever resemble those of other haemorrhagic fevers, hence the importance of prompt isolation of patients until a final diagnosis is reached.

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