JOURNAL ARTICLE

Surgical considerations in pediatric necrotizing fasciitis

A Pandey, A N Gangopadhyay, S P Sharma, V Kumar, S C Gopal, D K Gupta
Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons 2009, 14 (1): 19-23
20177439

BACKGROUND: Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a serious infection of soft tissues. This paper presents experience with pediatric NF and suitability of conservative surgery in its management.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, 70 patients of NF were managed during the study period of eight years. The study was divided into two time periods- first period (June 1998 to June 2001- group 1) and second period (June 2001 to June 2006- group 2). The parameters studied were age, sex, site of involvement and treatment. The treatment included intravenous antibiotics, supportive therapy and either aggressive (group 1) or conservative surgery (group 2).

RESULTS: Age of presentation ranged from 10 days to 11 years. Male to female ratio was 1.69:1. Back was the commonest site to be involved. Culture reports were polymicrobial in 70% with predominance of Staphylococcus species. Predisposing factors included malnourishment, boils, scratch injury, intravenous cannulation and injections. Conservative surgery had better outcome in terms of hospital stay, complications and cost of treatment.

CONCLUSION: NF is a serious and disease which requires immediate and all out attention. Early diagnosis, aggressive supportive treatment and conservative surgery improve survival.

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