[Which abdominal incisions predispose for incisional hernias?]

C M Seiler, M K Diener
Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen 2010, 81 (3): 186-91
Incisional hernias are the most common long-term complication after laparotomy with a cumulative incidence up to 20%. Generally all injuries to the integrity of the abdominal wall can result in the development of an incisional hernia. Midline and transverse incisions cause similar hernia rates. By selection of a sufficient closure technique and appropriate suture material as well as taking appropriate accompanying treatment (antibiotic prophylaxis) and risk factors into consideration, surgery can reduce surgical site infections, wound dehiscence and incisional hernias. Results from randomized controlled trials have not yet demonstrated a superiority of laparoscope-assisted procedures compared to laparotomy for the prevention of incisional hernias. Access through natural orifices and removal of specimens through the same approach (NOTES) may prevent incisional hernias completely. The approach to the abdominal cavity has to be chosen according to the underlying disease of the patient, the anatomical conditions and further circumstances (e.g. urgency, extensibility, preservation of function of the abdominal wall and safety).

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