Validation of lower extremity performance tests for determining the mobility limitation levels in community-dwelling older women

Mi-Ji Kim, Satoshi Seino, Maeng-Kyu Kim, Noriko Yabushita, Tomohiro Okura, Junko Okuno, Kiyoji Tanaka
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research 2009, 21 (6): 437-44

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Assessment of mobility status among community-dwelling older people is important for preventing further deterioration of mobility and identifying changes in mobility as early as possible. We attempted to identify the optimal cut-off values for eight lower extremity performance (LEP) tests in community-dwelling older women with mobility limitation (ML) levels.

METHODS: The ML levels of 433 community-dwelling older women, mean age 73.2 years (SD 5.7, range 65-93) were classified according to selfreports. ML levels were identified by face-to-face interviews and according to self-reported difficulty in walking one-quarter of a mile or climbing 10 steps without resting. The LEP tests comprised one-legged stance, tandem stance, functional reach, tandem walk, alternate step, five chair sit-to-stands, timed up-and-go (TUG) and usual gait speed. Receiver-operating characteristic curves were obtained for all scales to assess optimal cut-off values.

RESULTS: The optimal cut-off value of 6.52 (s) for the TUG test was shown by the highest sensitivity (74%) and specificity (71%) in the discrimination of no ML from moderate ML, whereas the optimal cut-off value of 1.05 (m/s) in the usual gait speed test showed the highest sensitivity (73%) and specificity (67%) in the discrimination of moderate ML from severe ML.

CONCLUSIONS: Among community-dwelling older women, TUG and usual gait speed had the highest sensitivity and specificity in discriminating ML levels.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"