Pediatric condition falsification (PCF), also known as Munchausen syndrome by Proxy or Medical Child Abuse, is a somewhat rare form of child abuse and neglect. Its association with a history of adult factitious disorder (AFD) or Munchausen syndrome in the perpetrator is also well known. Exogenous insulin injection to cause hypoglycemia both in the context of PCF and AFD has been reported in the literature. However, the coexistence of both conditions via insulin injection in the same family has not been reported in the literature. This paper presents a family, in which the mother was diagnosed with AFD and her three children with PCF perpetrated by their mother via exogenous insulin injection.
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