Metastatic renal cell carcinoma treated with sunitinib: early evaluation of treatment response using dynamic contrast-enhanced ultrasonography

Nathalie Lassau, Serge Koscielny, Laurence Albiges, Linda Chami, Baya Benatsou, Mohamed Chebil, Alain Roche, Bernard J Escudier
Clinical Cancer Research 2010 February 15, 16 (4): 1216-25

PURPOSE: To determine the utility of dynamic contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (DCE-US) as a prognostic tool for metastatic renal cell carcinoma patients receiving sunitinib and to identify DCE-US parameters that correlate with early treatment response.

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Thirty-eight patients received 50 mg/d sunitinib on schedule 4/2 (4 weeks on followed by 2 weeks off treatment). After two cycles, response evaluation criteria in solid tumors were used to classify patients as responders or nonresponders. DCE-US evaluations were done before treatment and at day 15; variations between days 0 and 15 were calculated for seven DCE-US functional parameters and were compared for responders and nonresponders. The correlation between DCE-US parameters and disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) was assessed.

RESULTS: The ratio between DCE-US examinations at baseline and day 15 significantly correlated with response in five of the seven DCE-US parameters. Two DCE-US parameters (time to peak intensity and slope of the wash-in) were significantly associated with DFS; time to peak intensity was also significantly associated with OS.

CONCLUSIONS: DCE-US is a useful tool for predicting the early efficacy of sunitinib in metastatic renal cell carcinoma patients. Robust correlations were observed between functional parameters and classic assessments, including DFS and OS.

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