JOURNAL ARTICLE

BMP-3 promotes mesenchymal stem cell proliferation through the TGF-beta/activin signaling pathway

Aaron Stewart, Haiyan Guan, Kaiping Yang
Journal of Cellular Physiology 2010, 223 (3): 658-66
20143330
Adipogenesis plays a key role in the pathogenesis of obesity. It begins with the commitment of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) to the adipocyte lineage, followed by terminal differentiation of preadipocytes to mature adipocytes. A critical, but poorly understood, component of adipogenesis involves proliferation of MSCs and preadipocytes. The present study was undertaken to examine the hypothesis that bone morphogenetic protein-3 (BMP-3) promotes adipogenesis using C3H10T1/2 MSCs and 3T3-L1 preadipocytes as in vitro model systems. We demonstrated that although it did not promote the commitment of MSCs to the adipocyte lineage or the differentiation of preadipocytes to adipocytes, BMP-3-stimulated proliferation by threefold in both cell types. Owing to a lack of information on MSC proliferation, we then delineated the molecular mechanisms underlying BMP-3-stimulated MSC proliferation. We showed that BMP-3 activated the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta)/activin but not ERK1/2, p38 MAPK, or JNK signaling pathways in C3H10T1/2 cells. Furthermore, the TGF-beta/activin receptor kinase inhibitor SB-431542 blocked BMP-3-stimulated proliferation. Importantly, siRNA-mediated knockdown of the key TGF-beta/activin signaling pathway components, ActRIIB, ALK4, or Smad2, abrogated the mitogenic effects of BMP-3 on MSCs. Together, these results demonstrate that BMP-3 stimulates MSC proliferation via the TGF-beta/activin signaling pathway, thus revealing a novel role for this divergent and poorly understood member of the TGF-beta superfamily in regulating MSC proliferation.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
20143330
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"