Effect of 2-wk intensified training and inactivity on muscle Na+-K+ pump expression, phospholemman (FXYD1) phosphorylation, and performance in soccer players

Martin Thomassen, Peter M Christensen, Thomas P Gunnarsson, Lars Nybo, Jens Bangsbo
Journal of Applied Physiology 2010, 108 (4): 898-905
The present study examined muscle adaptations and alterations in performance of highly trained soccer players with intensified training or training cessation. Eighteen elite soccer players were, for a 2-wk period, assigned to either a group that performed high-intensity training with a reduction in the amount of training (HI, n = 7), or an inactivity group without training (IN, n = 11). HI improved (P < 0.05) performance of the 4th, 6th, and 10th sprint in a repeated 20-m sprint test, and IN reduced (P < 0.05) performance in the 5th to the 10th sprints after the 2-wk intervention period. In addition, the Yo-Yo intermittent recovery level 2 test performance of IN was lowered from 845 +/- 48 to 654 +/- 30 m. In HI, the protein expression of the Na(+)-K(+) pump alpha(2)-isoform was 15% higher (P < 0.05) after the intervention period, whereas no changes were observed in alpha(1)- and beta(1)-isoform expression. In IN, Na(+)-K(+) pump expression was not changed. In HI, the FXYD1ser68-to-FXYD1 ratio was 27% higher (P < 0.01) after the intervention period, and, in IN, the AB_FXYD1ser68 signal was 18% lower (P < 0.05) after inactivity. The change in FXYD1ser68-to-FXYD1 ratio was correlated (r(2) = 0.35; P < 0.05) with change in performance in repeated sprint test. The present data suggest that short-term intensified training, even for trained soccer players, can increase muscle Na(+)-K(+) pump alpha(2)-isoform expression, and that cessation of training for 2 wk does not affect the expression of Na(+)-K(+) pump isoforms. Resting phosphorylation status of the Na(+)-K(+) pump is changed by training and inactivity and may play a role in performance during repeated, intense exercise.

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