Cystatin C is a sensitive marker for detecting a reduced glomerular filtration rate when assessing chronic kidney disease in patients with rheumatoid arthritis and secondary amyloidosis

H Sato, T Kuroda, N Tanabe, J Ajiro, Y Wada, S Murakami, M Sakatsume, M Nakano, F Gejyo
Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology 2010, 39 (1): 33-7

OBJECTIVE: Chronic kidney disease is a predictor of end-stage renal disease, and evaluating the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is necessary to make a definite diagnosis. We assessed the utility of serum cystatin C (cysC) for identifying a reduced GFR in patients who have rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with secondary amyloidosis.

METHODS: Fifty patients with RA and secondary amyloidosis (mean age 60.9+/-11.2 years; 45 women) were evaluated. The revised 24-h creatinine clearance (r24-hC(Cr)), which was determined by multiplying the original value by 0.719, was used as a reference for the GFR. The screening potential of the serum cysC and some estimates of the GFR calculated from the serum cysC (cysC-eGFR: eGFR(Hoek) and eGFR(Rule)) for detecting a reduced GFR (r24-hC(Cr)<60 mL/min/1.73 m(2)) were analysed.

RESULTS: Both cysC-eGFRs were strongly correlated with the r24-hC(Cr) (eGFR(Hoek), r=0.846, p<0.001; eGFR(Rule), r=0.820, p<0.001). The difference between the average eGFR(Rule) (37.1+/-31.2 mL/min/1.73m(2)) and average r24-hC(Cr) (35.3+/-30.9 mL/min/1.73 m(2)) was small, whereas eGFR(Hoek) and sCr-eGFR were higher than eGFR(Rule) and r24-hC(Cr). In receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses of a reduced GFR, serum cysC gave a greater area under the curve (AUC=0.958) than the sCr-eGFR (0.939-0.942). The specificity and positive predictive value (PPV) reached 100% when serum cysC >1.365 mg/L was used.

CONCLUSIONS: Serum cysC can identify a reduced GFR more accurately than sCr-eGFRs. Serum cysC >1.09 mg/L (i.e. eGFR(Rule)<60 mL/min/1.73 m(2)) could be a marker of a reduced GFR, and serum cysC >1.365 mg/L would strongly suggest a reduced GFR in patients who have RA with secondary amyloidosis.


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