TMEPAI, a transmembrane TGF-beta-inducible protein, sequesters Smad proteins from active participation in TGF-beta signaling

Yukihide Watanabe, Susumu Itoh, Toshiyasu Goto, Eriko Ohnishi, Masako Inamitsu, Fumiko Itoh, Kiyotoshi Satoh, Eliza Wiercinska, Weiwen Yang, Liang Shi, Aya Tanaka, Naoko Nakano, A Mieke Mommaas, Hiroshi Shibuya, Peter Ten Dijke, Mitsuyasu Kato
Molecular Cell 2010 January 15, 37 (1): 123-34
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) is a multifunctional cytokine of key importance for controlling embryogenesis and tissue homeostasis. How TGF-beta signals are attenuated and terminated is not well understood. Here, we show that TMEPAI, a direct target gene of TGF-beta signaling, antagonizes TGF-beta signaling by interfering with TGF-beta type I receptor (TbetaRI)-induced R-Smad phosphorylation. TMEPAI can directly interact with R-Smads via a Smad interaction motif. TMEPAI competes with Smad anchor for receptor activation for R-Smad binding, thereby sequestering R-Smads from TbetaRI kinase activation. In mammalian cells, ectopic expression of TMEPAI inhibited TGF-beta-dependent regulation of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, JunB, cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors, and c-myc expression, whereas specific knockdown of TMEPAI expression prolonged duration of TGF-beta-induced Smad2 and Smad3 phosphorylation and concomitantly potentiated cellular responsiveness to TGF-beta. Consistently, TMEPAI inhibits activin-mediated mesoderm formation in Xenopus embryos. Therefore, TMEPAI participates in a negative feedback loop to control the duration and intensity of TGF-beta/Smad signaling.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"