JOURNAL ARTICLE

Botulinum toxin type A reduces pain supersensitivity in experimental diabetic neuropathy: bilateral effect after unilateral injection

Lidija Bach-Rojecky, Melita Salković-Petrisić, Zdravko Lacković
European Journal of Pharmacology 2010 May 10, 633 (1-3): 10-4
20123097
We investigated antinociceptive activity of botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) in a model of diabetic neuropathic pain in rats. Male Wistar rats were made diabetic by a single intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (80mg/kg). Sensitivity to mechanical and thermal stimuli was measured with the paw-pressure and hot-plate test, respectively. The formalin test was used to measure sensitivity to chemical stimuli. Diabetic animals with pain thresholds lower for at least 25% compared to the non-diabetic group were considered neuropathic and were injected with BTX-A either subcutaneously (3, 5 and 7U/kg) or intrathecally (1U/kg). Mechanical and thermal sensitivity was measured at several time-points. After peripheral application, BTX-A (5 and 7U/kg) reduced mechanical and thermal hypersensitivity not only on ipsilateral, but on contralateral side, too. The antinociceptive effect started 5days following BTX-A injection and lasted at least 15days. Formalin-induced hypersensitivity in diabetic animals was abolished as well. When applied intrathecally, BTX-A (1U/kg) reduced diabetic hyperalgesia within 24h supporting the assumption of retrograde axonal transport of BTX-A from the peripheral site of injection to central nervous system. The results presented here demonstrate the long-lasting pain reduction after single BTX-A injection in the animals with diabetic neuropathy. The bilateral pain reduction after unilateral toxin application and the effectiveness of lower dose with the faster onset after the intrathecal injection suggest the involvement of the central nervous system in the antinociceptive action of BTX-A in painful diabetic neuropathy.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
20123097
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"