Muscle bioenergetic impairment in hyperthyroid man: a study by 31P NMR spectroscopy

P Kaminsky, B Robin-Lherbier, P Walker, F Brunotte, J M Escanye, M Klein, M C Forrett, J Robert, M Duc
Acta Endocrinologica 1991, 124 (3): 271-7
Phosphorus nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy was used to investigate muscle bioenergetics in 9 hyperthyroid patients who were compared with 9 normal subjects. Using the thenar muscle group as reference, the inorganic phosphate, phosphocreatine and intracellular pH were calculated at rest, during aerobic exercise (0.13 w) and post-exercise recovery. No difference was found at rest. After 5 min of exercise, the hyperthyroid patients exhibited a more important phosphocreatine depletion (41.2 +/- 8.2 vs 31.1% +/- 6.5, p less than 0.02) and a larger pH fall (6.65 +/- 0.04 vs 7.01 +/- 0.10, p less than 0.001) than the control subjects. The phosphocreatine recovery rate was not significantly different in hyperthyroid patients and control subjects. These results suggest that exercise requires more ATP in hyperthyroid patients than in normal subjects and that there is excessive dependence on glycolytic metabolism for ATP synthesis in hyperthyroidism. Phosphocreatine resynthesis, reflecting the oxidative metabolism, is not increased. These metabolic disturbances could also supply a partial explanation to the frequent exercise intolerance in hyperthyroid patients.

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