JOURNAL ARTICLE
MULTICENTER STUDY

Prenatal steroids for microcystic congenital cystic adenomatoid malformations

Patrick F Curran, Eric B Jelin, Larry Rand, Shinjiro Hirose, Vickie A Feldstein, Ruth B Goldstein, Hanmin Lee
Journal of Pediatric Surgery 2010, 45 (1): 145-50
20105595

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of prenatal steroid treatment in fetuses with sonographically diagnosed congenital cystic adenomatoid malformations (CCAMs).

METHODS: This was an institutional review board-approved retrospective review of 372 patients referred to the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), for fetal CCAM. Inclusion criteria were (1) a predominately microcystic CCAM lesion sonographically diagnosed at our institution, (2) maternal administration of a single course of prenatal corticosteroids (betamethasone), and (3) no fetal surgery. CCAM volume-to-head ratio (CVR), presence of hydrops, mediastinal shift, and diaphragm eversion were assessed before and after administration of betamethasone. The primary end points were survival to birth and neonatal discharge.

RESULTS: Sixteen patients with predominantly microcystic CCAMs were treated with prenatal steroids. Three were excluded because of lack of follow-up information. All remaining fetuses (13/13) survived to delivery and 11/13 (84.6%) survived to neonatal discharge. At the time of steroid administration, all patients had CVR greater than 1.6, and 9 (69.2%) also had nonimmune hydrops fetalis. After a course of steroids, CVR decreased in 8 (61.5%) of the 13 patients, and hydrops resolved in 7 (77.8%) of the 9 patients with hydrops. The 2 patients whose hydrops did not resolve with steroid treatment did not survive to discharge.

CONCLUSION: In high-risk fetal patients with predominantly microcystic CCAM lesions, betamethasone is an effective treatment. This series is a pilot study for a prospective randomized trial comparing treatment of CCAM with betamethasone to placebo.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
20105595
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.