Intracellular Ca2+ release-dependent inactivation of Ca2+ currents in thalamocortical relay neurons

Vladan Rankovic, Petra Ehling, Philippe Coulon, Peter Landgraf, Michael R Kreutz, Thomas Munsch, Thomas Budde
European Journal of Neuroscience 2010, 31 (3): 439-49
Neuronal Ca(2+) channels are rapidly inactivated by a mechanism that is termed Ca(2+)-dependent inactivation (CDI). In this study we investigated the influence of intracellular Ca(2+) release on CDI of high-voltage-activated Ca(2+) channels in rat thalamocortical relay neurons by combining voltage-clamp, Ca(2+) imaging and immunological techniques. Double-pulse protocols revealed CDI, which depended on the length of the conditioning pulses. Caffeine caused a concentration-dependent increase in CDI that was accompanied by an increase in the duration of Ca(2+) transients. Inhibition of ryanodine receptors and endoplasmic Ca(2+) pumps (by thapsigargin or cyclopiazonic acid) resulted in a reduction of CDI. In contrast, inhibition of inositol 1,4,5-tris-phosphate receptors by intracellular application of 2-aminoethoxy diphenyl borate or heparin did not influence CDI. The block of transient receptor potential channels by extracellular application of 2-aminoethoxy diphenyl borate, however, resulted in a significant reduction of CDI. The central role of L-type Ca(2+) channels was emphasized by the near-complete block of CDI by nifedipine, an effect only surpassed when Ca(2+) was replaced by Ba(2+) and chelated by 1,2-bis(o-aminophenoxy)ethane-N,N,N',N',-tetraacetic acid (BAPTA). Trains of action potential-like stimuli induced a strong reduction in high-voltage-activated Ca(2+) current amplitude, which was significantly reduced when intracellular Ca(2+) stores were made inoperative by thapsigargin or Ba(2+)/BAPTA. Western blotting revealed expression of L-type Ca(2+) channels in thalamic and hippocampal tissue but not liver tissue. In summary, these results suggest a cross-signalling between L-type Ca(2+) channels and ryanodine receptors that controls the amount of Ca(2+) influx during neuronal activity.

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