JOURNAL ARTICLE

[Changes of cytokine and nuclear factor-kappa B in acute paraquat poisoned rats]

Min Huang, Ping Zhang, Xiu-li Chang, Xi-an Gu, Qing Wu, Zhi-jun Zhou
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases 2009, 27 (8): 463-7
20095326

OBJECTIVE: To observe the changes of cytokine and NF-kappaB activity in acute paraquat poisoned rats and the effect of PDTC and the mechanism of lung injury caused by paraquat poisoning.

METHODS: Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into three groups: Control group (6 rats), PQ group (56 rats) and PQ + PDTC group (46 rats). On the 1st, the 3rd, the 7th, the 14th, the 28th and the 56th day after treatment, the level of interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta1) and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) in serum were detected; the activity of NF-kappaB in lung tissues was detected.

RESULTS: The level of IL-1 beta increased significantly on the 1st, the 3rd, the 7th day in PQ group compared with control group (P<0.01). The content of TGF-beta1 and TNF-alpha in PQ group significantly increased compared with control group (P<0.05 or P<0.01). The level of PDGF significantly increased on the 7th, the 14th, the 28th and the 56th day compared with control group (P<0.01). Meanwhile, IL-1 beta and TNF-alpha were positively correlated with lung coefficient (r=0.37, 0.46, P<0.05 or P<0.01 ); TGF-beta1 and PDGF had positive correlation with hydroxyproline (r=0.56, 0.89, P<0.01). The activity of NF-kappaB in lung tissue of PQ group significantly increased on the 1st, the 3rd, the 7th and 14th day compared with control (P<0.05 or P<0.01). There was a significant decrease of IL-1 beta, TGF-beta1, TNF-alpha and PDGF in PQ + PDTC group compared with PQ group (P<0.05 or P<0.01) in the corresponding sacrifice dates. There was a significant decrease in NF-kappaB activity on the 1st, the 3rd, the 7th day in PQ + PDTC group compared with PQ group (P<0.01).

CONCLUSION: The cytokine and NF-kappaB could play an important role in lung injury of poisoned rats. PDTC may inhibit the expression of NF-kappaB and further reduce the production of cytokines, alleviate lung injury in acute paraquat poisoned rats.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
20095326
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"