Relationship between the percentage of predicted cardiorespiratory fitness and cardiovascular disease risk factors in premenopausal women: a MONET study

J Abdulnour, P Boulay, M Brochu, R Rabasa-Lhoret, S Yasari, D Prud'homme
Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society 2010, 13 (4): 347-54

OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationships between the percentage predicted cardiorespiratory fitness (%CRF) and the anthropometric and metabolic cardiovascular disease risk factors in asymptomatic, premenopausal women.

METHODS: Data are baseline values obtained in 97 healthy premenopausal women (age 49.9 +/- 1.9 years; body mass index 23.2 +/- 2.2 kg/m(2)) participating in a longitudinal study from 2004 to 2009. The outcome measures were peak oxygen consumption (VO(2) peak), body mass index, body composition (percentage fat, fat mass, fat-free mass), waist circumference, abdominal subcutaneous fat, visceral fat, resting blood pressure and fasting lipids, glucose and insulin levels.

RESULTS: The %CRF was negatively associated with body mass index, fat mass, percentage fat, waist circumference, abdominal subcutaneous fat, visceral fat, triglycerides, triglyceride/high density lipoprotein cholesterol, total cholesterol, total cholesterol/high density lipoprotein cholesterol, fasting insulin levels and HOMA-IR (- 0.59 < or = r < or = - 0.20; 0.01 < p < 0.05) and positively associated with insulin sensitivity index (r = 0.23; p < 0.05). VO(2) peak was associated with the same variables; however, correlations were slightly better (- 0.70 < or = r < or = 0.30; 0.01 < p < 0.05). Stepwise multiple regression analysis showed that %CRF was only independently correlated with plasma triglyceride levels.

CONCLUSION: The results of this study suggest that %CRF was not a major predictor of anthropometric and metabolic variables associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease in asymptomatic premenopausal women. Finally, the VO(2) peak is a better predictor than the %CRF to assess the risk of cardiovascular disease in asymptomatic premenopausal women.

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