Lower versus standard intensity oral anticoagulant therapy (OAT) in elderly warfarin-experienced patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation

V Pengo, U Cucchini, G Denas, B L Davidson, F Marzot, S P Jose, S Iliceto
Thrombosis and Haemostasis 2010, 103 (2): 442-9
It has been observed that elderly patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) benefit from standard [an international normalised ratio (INR) goal of 2.0-3.0] oral anticoagulant treatment (OAT). The hypothesis that lower-intensity anticoagulation therapy can offset the higher bleeding risk in this population has never been tested in an 'ad hoc' clinical trial. Patients over 75 years of age with NVAF were randomised to receive warfarin to maintain the INR at 1.8 (range 1.5-2.0) or at a standard target of 2.5 (range 2.0-3.0). There were 135 patients in the low-intensity and 132 in the standard-intensity groups. During a mean follow-up lasting 5.1 years, 59 primary outcome events (thromboembolism and major haemorrhage) were recorded, 24 (3.5 per 100 patient-years) in the low-intensity group and 35 (5.0 per 100 patient-years) in the standard-intensity group (HR=0.7, 95% CI 0.4-1.1, p=0.1). The reduction in the primary endpoint was mainly due to a diminution in major bleedings (1.9 vs. 3.0 per 100 patient-years; HR=0.6, 95% CI 0.3-1.2, p=0.1). The median achieved INR value was 1.86 in the low-intensity and 2.24 in the standard-intensity group (p<0.001). The frequency of INR testing was 26.1 +/- 13.5 vs. 24.3 +/- 11.6 days, p<0.0001). In this exploratory study we observed a low rate of stroke and major bleeding in elderly patients (>75) being managed in an anticoagulation clinic for primary stroke prevention with low-intensity anticoagulation (INR 1.5-2.0). However, further trials are needed to confirm the hypothesis generated by the present study.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"