Evaluation of the retinal nerve fiber layer measurements, after photorefractive keratectomy and laser in situ keratomileusis, using scanning laser polarimetry (GDX VCC)

Antonios P Aristeidou, Georgios Labiris, Eleftherios I Paschalis, Nikitas C Foudoulakis, Stavrenia C Koukoula, Vassilios P Kozobolis
Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology 2010, 248 (5): 731-6

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the impact of photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) and laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK), on retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) measurements, by means of scanning laser polarimetry (SLP) GDx VCC (with variable corneal compensation).

METHODS: Two groups of 119 myopic patients each were treated by PRK and LASIK respectively; one eye of each patient was randomly selected for the study. RNFL measurements (around the entire calculation circle) was performed in all eyes 1 day before and 1, 3, 6 and 12 months after treatment by using SLP GDx VCC. Corneal compensation was performed in all eyes preoperatively, and in every examination step postoperatively, in order to neutralize the new corneal birefringence.

RESULTS: No statistical differences were found between the PRK and LASIK groups, in all preoperative and postoperative RNFL measurements. Only the p values for CCT and mean K-readings preoperatively were statistically significant.

CONCLUSIONS: PRK and LASIK do not seem to influence the RNFL measurements at 1st, 3rd, 6th and 12th postoperative months when measured with SLP GDx VCC. The corneal compensation reset is necessary in every step of the examination in order to have reproducible results.

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